THC…CBD… What does it all mean?
Cannabis; which includes both hemp varieties and marijuana varieties, is much more than a plant that gets you high. For decades, medical professionals and the general public overlooked the many components of the cannabis plant, stigmatizing the popular component, THC as just a psychoactive drug. Now, with all the growing studies on the plant’s chemical constituents, the new-found information has completely broken a barrier on the stigma on cannabis. From treating children with Epilepsy to alleviating patients with Parkinson’s, the highly beneficial compounds in Cannabis has shown to improve people’s lives in many areas!
So what are Cannabinoids?
Cannabinoids are chemical compounds in the Cannabis plant which are found within the flower, leaf, and stem. Cannabinoids offer an array of health benefits. When consumed, cannabinoids bind to receptor sites (CB1 and CB2) throughout the body. CB1 receptors are located in the brain and nervous system, and CB2 receptors are located in the immune system. Different receptors have different effects depending what receptors they bind to. For example, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) binds to receptors in the brain, while Cannabidiol (CBD) binds to receptor’s thought the body. In all, there are over 400 unique chemical compounds in the marijuana plant. Researchers have identified over 70 unique cannabinoids within the cannabis plant; including: THCa, CBG, CBN,CBC, THCv. The discovery of endocannabinoids led to the identification of an entire system in the human body. The location of a cannabinoid receptor provides clues how it relates to different cannabinoids and bodily functions. Having these location receptors proves that cannabinoids play a natural role within the immune system, further supporting the existence of the endocannabinoid system.
The Endocannabinoid System
The concept of homeostasis refers to the way the body aims to maintain its balance by regulating itself. To do this, the endocannabinoid system regulates many bodily processes including, but not limited to pain signaling, and cellular repair. The endocannabinoid signalling is what causes the body to adjust changing internal or external conditions.
Just as it is very important to regulate pain signaling, it is also important to regulate our psychological mood, immune function, and many other bodily processes central to our health and well-being. The endocannabinoid system is much more complex, than regulating one aspect. Cannabinoids have shown to aid, not only the physically body, but psychologically and neurologically, as well. While there are specific details about how cannabinoids work, in general the endocannabinoid system performs different functions specific to each area of the body.
Researchers have proposed that certain defects in the body’s endocannabinoid system may be responsible for common illnesses. Unfortunately, federal restriction on cannabis research had greatly stalled the studies that would shed light on the topic. Nevertheless, there are countless of testimonials and clinical reports, in which cannabinoids show improvement in numerous health conditions.
Hemp plants produce more CBD than THC, while marijuana produces more THC than CBD. Industrial hemp is not just an ideal alternative to marijuana, but is most of the time the preferable choice for a higher CBD content. Hemp is truly a wonderful source of cannabidiol (CBD), as is obvious from our quality and the feedback we’ve received from thousands of different people.